Saturday, April 22, 2017

When History Supposedly Ended

 
Our world is in tumult. If you're looking for the sources of the disruption, Jonathan Freeland writes that you'll find them in the 1990's. The '90's seemed like a placid decade, when conflicts were resolvable:

If it wasn’t FW de Klerk and Nelson Mandela sealing the end of apartheid in South Africa in the early 90s, it was a bleary-eyed group of nationalists and unionists reaching the Good Friday agreement in Belfast in 1998. For a while, even the most intractable conflict seemed within reach of resolution, as the Israeli and Palestinian leaders, Yitzhak Rabin and Yasser Arafat, shook hands on the White House lawn in 1993.

In much of the west, the 90s was the decade when the previous – and future – sense of constant geopolitical danger receded. Francis Fukuyama declared “The End of History”, as if all the big conflicts were now resolved and liberal democracy triumphant. Making his point, we soon became diverted by smaller, less fateful concerns.

But history never ends. It's always being made. And it's in the quiet times that tectonic shifts begin to take shape. In the decade before World War I, soothsayers were predicting a glorious Age of Human Progress. The storm, however, was just underneath the surface. So it was in the '90's:

Take Brexit. The 90s saw the birth of Euroscepticism as a serious political force, galvanised in part by Black Wednesday – Britain’s ejection from the exchange rate mechanism – in 1992. Ukip was founded in 1993, but more important was the continuing rebellion in parliament against the Maastricht treaty, which began that same year. Both the new party and the Tory rebels were dismissed at the time as cranks, but their fight would not rest until they had recorded their victory in June 2016.

Similarly, the 1990s saw the birth of New Labour. The trajectory is complicated, but two dynamics might be relevant. The first is that the election of Jeremy Corbyn was, in part, a reaction against the centrist project shaped by Tony Blair and Gordon Brown in that decade. But more subtly, as Labour began to look and sound more metropolitan, more middle class, many of its longtime working-class supporters felt steadily more remote – an estrangement that culminated in large swaths of traditional Labour territory voting leave.

Beyond these shores, the 1990s saw the birth of the internet and, with it, globalisation in its contemporary form. Millions would benefit, but millions would also be left behind – including many of those who voted for Brexit and elected Trump.

All of this happened when history supposedly ended.

Image: You Tube

4 comments:

The Mound of Sound said...

It feels as though the wheels are coming off, Owen. The order, some order, any order to which societies need to be tethered to function are fraying. There are power/influence vacuums spreading into which radicalism can take hold and flourish. The populism gaining hold in the U.S., Europe and the Near East can only find purchase in instability just as we have seen in the last century and the revolutions of the two centuries before that.

Who knows what awaits us as climate change accelerates and its often deadly, destructive impacts, already hitting hard in what, for us, are remote corners of the world, arrive in our nation as they surely will and far sooner than we ever imagined.

Meanwhile we have this millstone around our necks, neoliberalism, that denies us our dwindling opportunity to restructure to meet the challenges of the day and those of tomorrow. Somehow we have to find a way to take down this neoliberal scheme and I cannot imagine our governments will stand idle while it is dismembered.

Owen Gray said...

Neo-liberalism is now in our bone marrow, Mound. It's the cancer that will kill us -- unless ordinary citizens insist on a cure. The powers that be appear uninterested in finding one.

liberalandlovingit! said...

History keeps score and takes notes.
Tell the kids to pick a side - stand for it -
and don't be a DennisMillerDerp.

Not to mention the rest of the hit parade of
shameless charlatans, vagabonds and carpetbaggers.
Because I can't even.
Think I'll just start calling them 'that crowd'.
Or 'mob. Works for me.



Talk again soon, Owen
lovingit!

Owen Gray said...

Our historical memories are very short these days, lovingit.